Short History of the Domain Name
We all use domains to surf and browse websites, social media, and more. But do you know from where this unique idea came from, or which was the first-ever domain name in history? The URLs and domains enable us to surf and browse different websites across the internet. Do you know who actually made this happen?
Below you will find a short overview of the domain names’ history. So, continue scrolling down:
Before the World Wide Web
The domain name system is as old as early as the Internet. To be precise, the early Internet began to grow in the 1970s with the arrival of email. In 1972, the US created the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. In 1973, the world saw the advent of TCP/IP network technology. Relevant industries widely adopted this technology for locating and connecting computers.
First Domain and Top TLDs
The key milestone in domain name history happened when the first name server was developed by the University of Wisconsin. In 1985, the world witnessed some top domain TLDs like .com, .net, and.org. The first domain name was “Symbolics.com.” It was registered by a computer hardware manufacturer. These two were the key milestones in the domain history that give birth to the whole new era of the modern internet.
The World Wide Web
By 1990, the Internet was widely available for commercial uses. And in 1991, the World Wide Web was released; it was the first service provider in history developed for domain registrations and name servers.
Till 1992, the NSF (National Science Foundation) sponsored the expenses of registering these domain names that speed up the process. In 1992, NSF and IANA formed the public-partnership as InterNIC to manage scalable commercial aids. This breakthrough in domain name history resulted in the exponential adoption of domain registrations by new industries and educational institutions.
In 1998, the ICANN was formed by all vital stakeholders of that time. ICANN was a non-profit Internet Corporation whose main purpose was to reduce the high prices of domain names and registrations. The idea worked, and the domain name prices become affordable.
Twenty-First Century DNS
The Internet services grew by leaps and bounds in the 21st century, and by the end of 2010, over 196 million domain names were registered.
In the early 2000 world was well-aware of the domain names and their registration process. Similarly, in early 2000, people also saw the arrival of many new top-level domain TLDs such as “.aero and.biz.” At the start of 2005, many other TLDs were introduced to the world, such as “.travel and .jobs.”
It was the time when the ever-controversial domains “.xxx” became available for some time. Since then, the industry is expanding almost on a regular basis with more generic domains.